New technologies have enabled cotton growers to reduce their spray applications significantly while achieving among highest cotton yields worldwide. Arizona now produces the highest yielding cotton in the world, well over 1,500 pounds of fiber per acre, far exceeding the U.S. national average of about 750 pounds per acre. These technologies also help growers implement more ecologically based, sustainable IPM programs and become less dependent on broadly toxic insecticides.
Authors: Peter C. Ellsworth, Lydia Brown (University of Arizona) & Steven Naranjo (USDA-ARS)
Using selective chemistries is safer for the user and environment. This includes the beneficial predators found within fields that are important for controlling pests such as whiteflies and Lygus bugs. Selective chemistries are an important component of Arizona’s insect cotton IPM program. Current research is being conducted on the newest chemistries to determine their selectivity towards non-target organisms, such as beneficials.
ARIZONA PEST MANAGEMENT CENTER
University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Maricopa Agricultural Center