This bulletin deals with the physiology of cotton defoliation and attempts to describe what conditions must exist inside the plant in order for defoliation to occur. It is important to understand the basic physiological processes involved in order for best crop management practices to accomplish a successful defoliation.
Three maturity groupings are often used to classify cotton varieties, consisting of: 1) short season or more determinate plants, 2) medium season varieties, and 3) long or full season varieties which are more indeterminate in nature. Classification of cotton varieties into one of these three categories is not necessarily straightforward in all cases. In fact, it easily can become a process of “splitting hairs” when making maturity grouping designations for cotton varieties. Nevertheless, maturity designations are commonly assigned to most commercially available varieties, which can effect selection and management.
Soil Management and Soil Testing for Irrigated Cotton Production
Whenever studying cotton, it is a natural tendency to focus on the above ground portions of the plant. However, an equally important part of the plant is the root system, The soil is a focal point of any farming operation.
The approaches and techniques used to produce a cotton crop in Arizona can vary to some degree from county to county, or from farm to farm. However, one of the objectives that has become increasingly common across Arizona is that of achieving earliness with a crop.
Predicting and Mitigating Resistance Development in Whiteflies
Authors: Naomi Pier, Lydia Brown, Peter Ellsworth, John Palumbo, Yves Carriere, Al Fournier (University of Arizona); Steve Castle (USDA), Nilima Prabhaker (UC-R)
Insecticidal resistance in whiteflies is a real problem, threatening economic and effective pest control. Research is being done on whitefly resistances to currently used chemical controls and the potential of usage patterns to contribute to the development of these resistances. Effective resistance mitigation begins with the application of the first principles of resistance management.
Estimating the Vegetative/Reproductive Balance in Cotton Growth
A healthy, well-developed cotton plant that is capable of high yield requires a strong root system, mainstem structure, sufficient leaves, and numerous fruiting branches to support a good boll load. Too small a vegetative structure on the plant results in reduced yield potential, and too much vegetative development, which is usually done at the expense of fruit set and yield.
Soil Fertility and Soil Testing Guideline for Arizona Cotton
According to all available evidence, there are 20 total nutrients necessary for complete plant growth and development. Not all are required for all plants, but all have been found to be essential to some.
EPA’s Proposal to Mitigate Exposure to Bees from Acutely Toxic Pesticide Products
This document discusses the EPA's proposed mandatory pesticide label restrictions to protect managed bees. The proposed requirements would not supersede existing, more restrictive product use specifications.
Impact of Bagrada Bug Infestations on Fall Cole Crops, 2010-2014
The bagrada bug became a major pest of cole crops since 2010. This report consists of information gathered through surveys over four years and shows what some of the trends are regarding the bagrada bug over that time period.
Wheat and barley are the two major small grain crops in Arizona. These crops can produce yields near maximum at a wide range of seeding rates due to yield component compensation. This article talks about some considerations to make when planting your crop.
Wheat and barley use about 2 ft of water in Arizona, but 3 to 3.5 ft of applied water is often required with surface flood irrigation due inefficiencies in the irrigation system. Some suggestion on how to irrigate your small grains are made, including when and how much.
Planting at the optimum time is probably the most important cultural practice in producing high small grain yields. Wheat and barley crops that are planted too early or too late have lower yield potential no matter how they are grown after planting. Some suggestions on planting dates are outlined in this article.
Small grain growth and development can be divided into several major and minor stages. This article discusses those stages and what to look as the crop develops. A chart also details the timing of management operations during crop development.
Nitrogen is the primary fertilizer nutrient required by wheat and barley. This article describes the optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate, nitrogen fertilizer scheduling, and how to boost grain protein content.
Karnal bunt is a disease of wheat, durum, and triticale caused by the fungal pathogen Tilletia indica Mitra. Karnal bunt was first reported in India in 1931. This article discusses it's cycle, symptoms, and suggestions on how to control it.
Small grains are planted for a variety of reasons, but their rotational benefit makes them a popular crop all over the world and influences the way they are planted. One of the major benefits of small grains as rotational crops is that they cover the soil and suppress weeds
Whitefly Management in in Desert Melon Crops, 2015
A chart detailing various insecticides and the efficacy against Whiteflies. Each insecticide is rated at Good, Fair, and Poor, and is shown for both the Adult and Nymph stage. There is also a brief note for each of the insecticides.
Lepidopterous Larvae Control in Desert Melon Crops, Apr 2015
A chart detailing various insecticides and the efficacy against Lepidopterous Larvae. Each insecticide is rated at Good, Fair, and Poor, and is shown for Beet armyworm and Cabbage looper. There is also a brief note for each of the insecticides.
ARIZONA PEST MANAGEMENT CENTER
University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Maricopa Agricultural Center